Software: Photoshop CS4/SAI
About the artist:
Zhang Xian (Oran Pig), the first person in China to teach cutting-edge comics, revolutionist of China’s comics teaching, cartoonist, illustrator, cartoon editor, founder of popular website-Original Comics Reactor
“Hello everyone, this time I was invited by Huion Technology to launch this tutorial for beginners to solve difficult problems. First, I’m glad that there appears another domestic manufacturer who supply graphic tablet to comic lovers. Their new graphic tablet K28 has excellent performance. Compared with other tablets I used before, 580 has better brushstrokes. Welcome to experience it.”
Many beginners are afraid of perspective and do not understand perspective. But in fact, perspective is as simple as one plus one. Perspective is not that difficult as long as your dimensional feeling is not too bad.
So people who are afraid of perspective have devil inside. Devil inside is afraid of the unknown. The author tries to break all kinds of beginners’ devil inside, because only when the devil inside is broke, the beginners creativity can be expressed perfectly.
What is perspective? In fact, perspective is an objective existence object. Our eyes just like camera lens watches things from a shouting distance to a great distance. It is unnecessary to explain the definition of perspective, because perspective is objective existence. In fact, for painters, you, I and he are all objective existence. Since you draw a person, it must be similar, because people are objective existence, so everyone will compare your draw with reality.
What is perspective? In fact, perspective is an objective existence of a thing. Our eyes just like camera lens watches things from a shouting distance to a great distance. It is unnecessary to explain the definition of perspective, because perspective is objective existence. In fact, for painters, you, I and he are all objective existence. Since you draw a person, it must be similar, because people are objective existence, so everyone will compare your draw with reality.
So when you want to draw a street, from the concept of generalized, as long as your drawing looks like a street. That will be good. It is unnecessary to care about perspective.
Perspective is a technique used to test and measure after you finish drawing.
If I want to draw a picture like the picture above, the first step is drawing. Draw out the draft following my thought and feeling.
In order to make the picture more accuracy, I will use perspective to test my picture after I finish drawing draft.
Of course, you can lay the perspective lines before drawing the draft. But I have a question.
There are two drafts above A and B. If you are a painter, which one will you choose?
When you have a concept in your mind, you will draw out picture B, is that possible? Obviously, it is impossible.
So, it is putting the cart before the horse if the beginners are afraid of perspective.
In fact, perspective is draft. Only when you finish the conception, can you get the validation rules.
If you feel good, it is unnecessary to use perspective lines every time.
Some times, too strict perspective lines are not good. The focus of our eyes is not fixed absolutely, so readers’ feeling have an acceptation range. That is to say we can accept an inaccurate perspective to some degree.
So, it is ok that you know perspective generally.
Next, we will talk about something that you only need to know them generally, but we will talk about it from the point of composition of a picture, not the point of perspective.
First, we will talk about perspective briefly.
1. One point perspective
Suppose there is only one focus in the picture, then we can use one point perspective.
Look at the picture first.
There is a square in the picture. If there is only one focus in the picture, what the stereoscopic state will be.
We fix a point first, and then link it to other points.
Then we drew a right conclusion that how to draw other parts of the square correctly with the assist of the red lines.
In fact, we figure out the correct drawing of other parts of the square by perspective.
Then, we will integrate it into the picture to consider it.
Fox example, I want to draw a picture with on focus. The picture above is a draft.
First we need to set the focus. The focus must on the body of the person and the Visual Borizon is in the same line with focus. In fact, we only need to decide where the focus is.
It is the painter’s feeling and intuition that decide where the focus is.
According to my feeling, I put the focus here. I hope the focus is here.
Now, I can test whether the background and anything else is right.
The original sketches are not accuracy enough, now I change the background into the obverse side. We will talk about the obverse side later.
Then, I began to measure.
After measuring, I figure out the correct drawing.
The final picture.
So perspective is so simple.
One point perspective only works when you choose a picture with one focus. Besides, it is just for validation. It does not mean that you can not draw without knowing anything about perspective.
In fact the meaning of the picture on the right and the picture on the left is the same. There is one focus, one character and background.
The difference is that the picture on the right is rigorous, but the picture on the left is partial to imaginative style.
The most important is that the picture looks nice, but not to distort on purpose. In fact, the picture on the left also can be used, because no matter the picture on the left or the picture on the right all abide by the objective common sense: near, big, far, small. On the contrary, the picture on the right is too rigid.
Now we talk about two-point perspective. We will talk about the obverse side, which was mentioned above.
2. Two Points Perspective
We talked about the obverse side in the one point perspective. Why the obverse side must be an absolutely obverse side? In our daily life, we seldom see an absolutely obverse side unless we try to see it in a fixed angle purposely.
If it is a biased flank, we will find that in fact this side is the left side of the obverse side cube.
It is this part.
But we can only see a focus from the other side, so the observe side of the other side must be parallel, or the new cross point will appear.
If the line above and the line below are not parallel, another focus will appear.
So this is two points perspective, not one.
Only talking about square, you may feel it is simple, but still can not digest. Now let’s talk about human body.
In perspective, it is unnecessary that the human bodies are all obverse sides. But no matter from which angle, the obverse side is always obverse.
What is obverse ？You will figure that out after I draw a two points perspective human body.
Take the picture above as an example, the inboard foot is shorter than the outboard. It is the same from the other side.
In another word, there is no zooming with perspective on the horizon om one point perspective. But for there is always zooming in the two points perspective.
The zooming focus of two-point perspective is on the center line. If drawing a character on the center line and drawing the observe side, it is a little like perspective.
But if there is not center line, the character can not be draw into one point perspective. Take the following picture as an example.
We imagine that this is a corner of a street, and the diamond is building.
It is ok if the person standing here.
But it is uncomfortable if the person standing here. How to change?
It will be more comfortable, when it is changed into this (pay attention to the size and length of his feet).
Then we go back to the idea of composition.
First, the one point composition is concentrate. It seems that it is concavity.
The two-point composition is suitable to express flank. It is convex, because it is focus is a line.
In fact, our thought is not like this.
When we design a work, it first comes into my mind is the whole perceive of the picture, not the perspective.
The right and reasonable perspective rule is: A, design the picture B, setting the focus according to what you wish to emphasize.
Look at the picture below, it is easier to explain the conventional design thought.
For example, I want to draw a picture like this to express the relationship between the two people.
If I draw into this (one point perspective), what I want to emphasize is the person behind.
Though the people in the front is bigger, but the person behind is closer to the focus. So it is the person behind be emphasized.
If I draw like this (two points perspective), what I want to emphasize is the person in the front.
The perspective is the same, but the person behind is smaller, that is to say, the midcourt line of the person behind is short. So the person in the front is emphasized.
If I draw like this (two points perspective plus one point perspective), the person on the left is in the center of the one focus of two points perspective. The person on the right is on the center line. both of the two people are emphasized.
If I draw like this (two points perspective), both of the people are not on the center line. If there is nothing in the middle, the relationship between two people is emphasized, that is the atmosphere in the middle. The flank expression will be emphasized.
If there is nothing in the middle, naturally the stuff in the middle should be emphasized.
When comes to this, you will feel that this part is the most important part in the whole picture, because examples in this part is teaching us how to design a picture from what we want to emphasize. The explanation about perspective is boring nonsense.
So perspective is not difficult at all, you only need to know it generally. Of course that is not to say it is unimportant, no need to learn. The author just wants to tell you that it is no need to be afraid of perspective. You can study it well when you have time, if you really want to learn it.
3. Three-Point Perspective
Three points perspective is putting perspective zooming on the basic of two-point perspective. This is common technique. It is better not to be so parallel for drawing. Since it is not so strict, there will be intersection point when it stretches out.
We use a simple picture to explain three points perspective at last.
In fact, in short, so called three points perspective is to put height of deformation on the two-point perspective. As for four points and five points, if you need, you can search the explanation in the internet.
Finally summed up, perspective is only a method of testing. Sometimes it is unnecessary to be so accurate in our picture.
If there are some inaccurate points about perspective in my explanation, seeing the objective world with your eyes, and draw out what you see with your intuitive feelings.
The author always draws pictures according to his experience till now. He draws every picture by general feelings, expect buildings. We are painters not designers, do not be afraid of perspective, or your thought will be trapped and your confidence will be attracted.